October 28 has been a special day on the calendar for all Czechs for over a century. Known as Czechoslovak Independence Day, the holiday is widely celebrated throughout the country with pride and dignity in their hearts. 

In 1918, October 28 opened plenty of opportunities for people as a new era began. Previously, the Czechs and Slovaks were an integral part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. From now on, they will be an independent state with their language, laws, and territory. In 2022, October 28 still opens plenty of doors for people by inviting them to various museums and galleries without any entrance fee.

Discover the history of Czechoslovak Independence Day and how you can celebrate it! 

History Corner

The narrative takes us back to 1914 when the fight for independence began with the influence of political figures, including Masaryk, the future president of Czechoslovakia, Beneš, and Štefánik, the future ministers. Leaders shared a common idea with most of the population: they despised being a part of the mighty empire of Austro-Hungary. They wanted to become an independent state. 

This brings us to the period known as the “war against a central power,” carried out mainly by Masaryk and his followers. Even though there was the outbreak of the First World War, the Czechs were ready to fight for their freedom and independence. Nothing could stop them—even the ongoing war. 

In 1916, Masaryk, Beneš, and Štefánik (known as Three Kings) established the Czechoslovak National Council, an organization to fight the dominance of the Austrians, a sort of anti-Austrian resistance. For the next two years, politicians would propose their ideas to the public and raise awareness of the Czechoslovak National Council, leading to the events of January 1918, when the declaration to call for independence of Czechoslovakia was launched. 

Thanks to the creativity of the agricultural council, Antonín Švehla, the future state of Czechoslovakia hid as much food as possible from the Austrian military. The nutritional ingredients came primarily from Bohemia and Moravia, so the Czechs immediately hit the pain point. And on October 28, 1918, “the agricultural council took over the cereal institute to stop exports to the Austrian military.”

This was the time when Austria-Hungary recognized the peace conditions, and Czechoslovakia became an independent state. 

What to do on October 28? 

October 28 is widely celebrated throughout the Czech Republic. It is a national holiday that makes everyone proud. Some shops and groceries might even be closed, so make sure to buy some goodies before it is too late.

Apart from the closure of the venues, plenty of museums, galleries, and government entities will be open to the public. So, where should you go? 

  • The Senate of the Czech Republic

The Senate of the Czech Republic is one of the outlets that will open its doors to the public on October 28. Its main building, located in the beautiful and thrilling Waldstein Garden, will present its seriousness to Czechs and visitors to the capital. 

Visitors can pretend to be ministers for one day by attending the guided tour there. 

  • The Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament

The secret chamber of the Czech parliament will also open its doors to everyone eager to see what is hidden inside. 

The guided tour will last approximately an hour and reveal all the hidden gems—meeting rooms, conference rooms, and other integral areas of the political process. 

  • Liechtenstein Palace

The gorgeous building on the shore of the mighty Vltava will welcome visitors from everywhere on the special occasion of October 28. 

Being a host for high-society events, including state events and the accommodation of prominent political figures, Liechtenstein Palace knows how to throw a party. Become a part of it by joining the guided tour, which will last about 40 minutes. 

  • National Museum 

The National Museum could not resist the movement of other entities to offer free entry and joined the campaign to show the heritage of the Czech Republic. 

All outlets of the National Museum are free to discover. This includes Vitkov, the Ethnographic Museum, and other buildings. 

  • The National Gallery in Prague

The National Gallery in Prague also did not stand by and opened its doors to four buildings at no charge.

On October 28, people can visit Schwarzenberský palác, Šternberský palác, Klášter sv. Anežky České, and Veletržní palác. 

Indulge in Czech art, culture, and history. Enjoy the celebration of October 28! 

Sofia Chesnokova

Sofia Chesnokova

Passionate about digital marketing, copywriting, and Prague! Let's connect 🙂
Sofia Chesnokova
Sofia Chesnokova
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